If you have a mild to moderate misalignment and are considering clear aligners treatment, then it is helpful to understand what you can expect during the treatment process. Every patient has a unique experience, but there are many similarities that you can expect before your consultation visit. Clear aligners for adults offer a unique way to…
Fluoride is an essential mineral for bones and teeth. The water supply has contained fluoride for more than 70 years and has positively impacted dental health in the United States. The American Dental Association recommends water fluoridation as a safe and effective strategy for preventing cavities and reducing tooth decay by 20 to 40%. The evidence-base for fluoride is strong, yet controversy about this mineral still exists. Fluoride concentrations in water vary by region, but there is an optimal level of fluoride (0.7 ppm) known to ensure an effective level of fluoride to reduce the incidence of tooth decay, while minimizing the risk of cosmetic fluorosis in the general population.
Fluoride protects teeth by making enamel resistant to acid and demineralization, thus preventing cavities. The CDC estimates that fluoridated water reduces tooth decay by 25% among children and adults. Approximately 3.0 to 4.0 mg of fluoride is needed per day for adults, and the upper limit is set at 10.0 mg per day. The adequate intake levels for children are provided below in mg/d:
- Age 1-3 years AI: 0.7, UL: 1.3
- 4 – 8 years AI: 1.0, UL: 2.2
- 9-13 years AI: 2.0, UL: 10.0
- 14-18 years AI: 3.0, UL: 10.0
An excess of fluoride while teeth are still forming, called fluorosis results in white lines or specks on children’s teeth can be caused by over-ingestion of fluoride, so it is important to maintain intakes below the UL. Children have the tendency to swallow toothpaste, so it is recommended that children under age 6 avoid mouthwash rinses and use toothpaste under supervision.
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Many individuals are familiar with gum disease. What may be unknown, however, is the relationship of diabetes to problems with the gums. Diabetes is the result of multiple diseases within the body that accumulate from too much sugar in the bloodstream. Sugar often becomes the culprit that is responsible for an individual's gum disease. Continue…
A cosmetic dentist can use inlays and onlays in situations where a crown might be undesirable or unnecessary. Inlays strengthen the tooth's existing structure, and onlays cover the cusp of the tooth. Both are bonded on to restore tooth integrity and functionality in a natural-looking way. Inlays and onlays achieve many of the same results…
One of the most popular procedures performed by a cosmetic dentist is teeth whitening. Because in-office treatments deliver immediate results, many people choose to invest in this option to enhance their smile.Although this procedure is performed frequently, many patients are unaware there are steps to take before the appointment that can help ensure the results…